For the majority of people, if you don’t feel well, you just go to a doctor and he will make a diagnosis and fix the problem. Isn’t it simple?
However, some diseases can progress silently, without any warning signs to give you an early awareness that you need a help. One of them is diabetes.
There are almost 24 million people suffering from diabetes in the United States, and 25 % of them don’t even notice they have it.
What Is Diabetes?
When you digest the food, it is broken down into the type of sugar called glucose. Glucose gives powers and energy to cells. A hormone created in the pancreas called insulin carries the glucose from the blood stream to the cells. But,if your insulin level is too law or not working there is not enough insulin or the insulin isn’t working appropriately, the glucose is stagnated in the blood and cause rising of blood sugar levels.
Diabetes can be divided into three major types; type 1, 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 is caused by the pancreas failure to make insulin and is generally found in young adults, children, and teens. Gestational diabetes can happen towards the end of a woman’s pregnancy and most of the time goes away after the birth of a baby.
Type 2 diabetes is the most common one. People at the risk of developing type 2 diabetes are someone overweight, not having enough exercise, having family members with diabetes, being Asian-American, African-American, Native American, Pacific Islander or Latino, or woman who had gestational diabetes or gave birth to a overweight who weighed over nine pounds; having hyperpiesia, having high triglycerides or low HDL level , and having prediabetes.
Why Is Diabetes Dangerous?
Claudia L. Morrison, outpatient diabetes program coordinator at Washington Hospital Center in Washington, D.C. explains “When diabetes is poorly controlled, your blood glucose levels go too high or too low, and it makes you feel sick. If diabetes is poorly controlled for a long time, it can end up with complications which affect the whole of your body”. The problems can happen with everything from your eyes, nerves to reproductive systems, kidneys, gums , and blood vessels. But the most dangerous problems are stroke and heart disease.
What Role Does Diet Play In Diabetes?
Elizabeth Ricanati, medical director of the Cleveland Clinic’s Lifestyle 180 Program in Cleveland explains “What you eat can either help preventing diabetes or promote it, according to how it affects your body to process glucose. You should avoid foods which increase blood sugar level and raise cholesterol, like high in saturated fats food, processed foods, foods with trans fats, and sugar loaded food”.
High fat or sugary food and processed foods can disturb the balance of glucose and insulin, causing inflammation, and it also can cause some of the risk factors like overweight.
You need to watch out the carbs intake as well. Although your body require them to fuel the body, some carbohydrates cause an increase of blood glucose levels. Morrison explains “The glycemic index measures how the food containing carbohydrate raises blood glucose. Foods items are ranked based on how they affect raising blood glucose compared to a key food item like white bread. Legumes and dry beans, non-starchy vegetables, and most of whole-grain cereals and bread are all low GI food”.
What Is a Healthy Diet For Diabetes?
What is a healthy diet for diabetes? It is actually the same as a healthy diet for anybody. Make your portion size in moderate to avoid putting on weight, and include vegetables and fruits, whole grains instead of processed ones, lean meat and fish, legumes and beans, and healthy oils. Cut down on saturated fats and avoid high-calorie desserts and snacks such as cake, chips, and ice cream, and ban trans fats altogether.
Try to exercise for half an hour on most days of the week and lose 5 to 10% of your weight, if you are overweight, it is very important to reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Last of all, anyone with problems of frequent urination, unexplained weight loss, extreme thirst or hunger, blurry vision, fatigue or constant infections need to see a doctor and get a blood test to check for diabetes. If you keep your eyes on carefully and maintain a healthy lifestyle, you can keep diabetes under control.